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Posted by Greg Amato on Thu, Mar 20, 2014 @ 11:42 AM

Day Light Harvesting

By Greg Amato for Bay Screens and Shades

Faced with the skyrocketing cost of energy and environmental concerns, builders, architects

and lighting specialists are increasingly turning to day lighting as a primary source of

illumination in mainstream construction. Day lighting will provide tremendous operating cost

reductions if properly integrated with an electrical lighting control system.

At the same time, proper day lighting can increase the comfort and productivity of a

building’s occupants. It provides superior quality light for a wide range of tasks in the

workplace. Windows, skylights and other clearstories used for daylight integration can also

improve ventilation, lower air conditioning costs, and provide workers with visual

stimulation. Exposure to both daily and seasonal cycles of natural daylight has also been

shown to positively affect both the mood and stress levels of occupants.daylighting1

For successful daylight integration, certain principles need to be followed in terms of

optimum building placement: the location, design and selection of materials for fenestration

(windows, skylights, etc.) and electrical lighting design. In general, the earlier in the design

process of new buildings that day lighting issues are addressed, the more successful the

daylight harvesting project will be. To take full advantage of daylight integration, buildings

should have automated controls that either turn off or dim artificial lighting in response to the

available daylight in the space. This is traditionally called “daylight harvesting.”

Advantages of day light harvesting

Greater Health, Well-Being and Productivity

There is strong evidence that day lighting can improve the health, well-being and productivity

of occupants. Daylight generally has a high colour temperature, high colour rendition and is

rich in blue radiation. Both good colour identification and improved visibility are attributed to

these factors. People generally describe daylight as providing better visual clarity and colour

differentiation. One 2003 study of office workers in California confirmed that workers

exposed to daylight through a window with a view versus those with no window performed

10-25% better on mental functioning and memory recall tests. On the other hand, the study

also found that glare from windows was associated with poorer office worker performance.

Greater glare caused performance on three mental function tests to decrease by 15-21%.

Clearly, day lighting needs to be carefully planned to reap its benefits while avoiding the

pitfalls.

Increased Energy Savings

With lighting accounting for approximately 38% of all energy consumed in modern

buildings, daylight harvesting can significantly lower energy costs by providing illumination

while allowing electric lighting to be automatically dimmed or switched off. Daylight

harvesting also produces a lower cooling load than electric lighting for the same amount of

illumination, resulting in lower cooling costs. This assumes that the daylight integration will

be thoughtfully designed to avoid glare and overheating. In the end, to achieve high quality

lighting and produce energy savings, daylighting and electric lighting systems must be

designed together so they complement each other. Lighting controls are a major area of

integration for these two sources of illumination.

Call Greg Amato at Bay Screens and Shades for more information or an analysis or your building.

Topics: architects, designers, daylighting systems, daylighting, facades, light control, glare control, shading, solar shades light control, shades light control